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袋鼠島 澳洲的自然動物園


由Marc Llewellyn撰寫

袋鼠島距離南澳海岸13公里(8英里),從阿德萊德(Adelaide)乘搭飛機前往需時30分鐘;島上滿佈本土動物,部分甚至是世上其他地方所沒有。這裡亦是廣為傳頌的傳統手藝美食和世上最佳酒店的所在地。島上超過三分之一的地方被劃為保育區和國家公園,其餘的地方則是青蔥茂盛的農地和小城鎮。袋鼠島被當地人稱為「KI」,分為七個區域,有四個主要城鎮:金斯科特(Kingscote)(輕鬆休閒的袋鼠島首府)、潘蕭(Penneshaw)(每天往返渡輪的下船處)、美洲河(American River)和帕德那(Parndana)。主要地區大都以碎石瀝青路連接,其餘各處都有用砂礫鋪成的道路。


南澳(South Australia)袋鼠島地圖

Walk among rare sea lions

The Seal Bay Conservation Park on Kangaroo Island's south coast is the only place in the world where you can walk among endangered Australian sea lions. You can walk along a 900-metre (2950-foot) wooden boardwalk on a Boardwalk Tour and see the animals on the sand and in the surf, or you can take a guided 45-minute Seal Bay Experience tour onto the beach itself. There is also a two-hour Twilight Beach Tour. As well as being longer, this tour has fewer people. If you feel like taking to the water yourself, the safest swimming spots are off the north coast. Emu Bay, near Kingscote, is one of the most popular thanks to its clear waters and long shoreline. Stokes Bay offers a good camping spot and a sea pool enclosed by rocks.

盡情享用優質精緻的土特產

袋鼠島是一個美食之鄉,當中最為著名的是當地現捉的海鮮、芝士和葡萄酒。您可以在袋鼠島啤酒廠(Kangaroo Island Brewery)品嚐手工啤酒,或在島上附有酒窖的酒莊淺醉,包括潘蕭附近的達得利酒莊(Dudley Wines)和金斯科特(Kingscote)附近的淺灘灣酒莊(Bay of Shoals Wines)。您可在袋鼠島烈酒釀酒廠(Kangaroo Island Spirits)釀製小批的手工氈酒、伏特加和利口酒,您可在簡樸的酒窖內細味品嚐。參觀鴯鶓山脊桉樹油煉製廠(Emu Ridge Eucalyptus Oil Distillery),您可品嚐得到當地出產的桉樹產品。袋鼠島ART FEASTivle於九月及十月期間展出全島地道的藝術品和食品。

品嚐極優質的海鮮

在美洲河的Oyster Farm Shop吃一頓本地時令生蠔、鮑魚和喬治王鱈魚的午餐。不妨也到斯托克斯灣附近一間名為Enchanted Fig Tree的臨時夏季餐館,在巨型無花果樹下品嚐本地土特產。或在島中央的Marron Café試試由土生的澳洲淡水龍蝦Marron烹製成的餐點。另一個海鮮熱點是金斯科特的Kangaroo Island Fresh Seafoods and Takeaway。在潘蕭亦有農夫市場專售本地土特產,於每月首個星期日舉行,而金斯科特的農夫市場則於每月第二及第四個星期日舉行。?

Stay at one of the world's best hotels

One of the best places to stay anywhere in the world is the breathtaking Southern Ocean Lodge. Located on a sea cliff on a rugged stretch of coastal wilderness, it's a regular on best hotel lists around the world. Designed by architect Max Pritchard, the hotel features 21 spacious suites with limestone floors, local artwork and expansive outdoor terraces. If you'd prefer a self-catered experience, the luxurious Kangaroo Beach Lodges are also set on rugged cliffs, with spectacular ocean views. There is a wide range of other accommodation available on the island.

觀察野生樹熊、袋鼠及更多其他動物

只要您身處袋鼠島,您會見到很多土生的動物和雀鳥,但那裡亦有些特別的地方是澳洲土生動物會集體出沒的。漢臣灣野生動物保護區(Hanson Bay Wildlife Sanctuary)的樹熊步道(Koala Walk)是世界上觀賞樹熊的最佳地點。您可在整個島上找到短喙針鼴和大型花楸,並在美洲河附近遠望成群的黑天鵝,以及在金斯科特的碼頭附近觀看一眾澳洲鵜鶘。牠們每天下午5點便成群飛來捉魚品嚐。在導遊指引下,將可在Kangaroo Island Odysseys以最佳位置觀賞野生動物。之後可在袋鼠島海洋冒險(Kangaroo Island Marine Adventures)袋鼠島海洋野生動物園(Kangaroo Island Ocean Safari)營辦的小艇巡遊上觀賞海豹、寬吻海豚和鯨魚。

觀看島上的神奇巖石

在袋鼠島西面的費蓮達蔡司國家公園(Flinders Chase National Park)是一個大型的自然保護區,住著很多土生的澳洲動物,例如稀有的尤金袋鼠和神出鬼沒的鴨嘴獸。這裡的一個重要景點是神奇巖石(Remarkable Rocks),它是海邊一系列龐大而被橙色地衣覆蓋的花崗巖,在百萬年來經歷雨水、風和海洋侵蝕而形成怪異的形狀。另一個焦點是旗艦拱門(Admirals Arch);它是一道被鐘乳石覆蓋,因受海浪衝擊而腐蝕的石橋,甚為獨特。毛茸茸的紐西蘭海狗有時會在這些石橋上享受日光浴。兩者均吸引旅行團及觀光客前來欣賞他們非凡的外觀,所以請隨身攜帶您的相機。

遊覽保護公園

袋鼠島上有多個保護公園,是當地野生動物的天堂。島上幾個保護區內均常見到袋鼠和尤金袋鼠出沒,包括費蓮達蔡司國家公園(Flinders Chase National Park)的黑沼澤(Black Swamp)和叢塚雉保護區公園(Lathami Conservation Park)。若干稀有的雀鳥品種亦居於袋鼠島,包括瀕危物種輝鳳頭鸚鵡,現時並無存活於其他地方。在叢塚雉保護區公園和博丹保護區公園(Baudin Conservation Park)觀察牠們。除了野生動物,您可以在山地踩單車,又或在叢林散步,或是參加凱利山保護公園(Kelly Hill Conservation Park)的石灰巖洞穴導賞遊。

Take a walk through the wilderness

A lot of Flinders Chase National Park is rugged wilderness, but it is accessible by normal cars and is cut by plenty of walking trails. One of the best is the 3.5-hour Ravine des Casoars Hike, which goes through a wooded valley to a remote sandy beach. Try to spot a platypus on the two-hour Platypus Waterholes Walk, or weave your way through remote bushland on the Kangaroo Island Wilderness Trail. There are four secluded campgrounds within the park, but you can also stay in charming lighthouse keeper’s quarters at Cape du Couedic Lighthouse. Wherever you stay, you’ll be surrounded by the steep cliffs and remote beaches that make the park so unique.

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